What is cord blood?
The primary function of an umbilical vein is to carry oxygenated and nutrient rich blood from the placenta to the fetus. Blood present in the umbilical cord and placenta is termed as cord blood (CB) which contains all essential elements of blood along with the stem cells. After the child birth, this blood is discharged from the umbilical vein.
Why bank cord blood?
Umbilical cord blood has been used to treat more than 80 disorders. However, the clinical application of CB in regenerative medicine and stem cell research has been offering promising results to fight neurological diseases and injuries in near future. Cord tissues consist of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), while it is enriched with haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Both the tissue and blood is used for standard therapies, clinical trials and experimental treatments. It enriched with blood forming cells makes it a safer alternative to bone marrow transplants. Families with a medical history of genetic inherited diseases can definitely benefit from the services.
Where is cord blood stored?
You can store at public bank or at privately owned facilities. If you wish to donate CB for medical research or lifesaving transplants, public banking is the right choice. The service which is available at free of cost in public banks doesn’t provide any link between your baby and the donated.On the other hand, if you wish to store your newborn’s cord blood for future purpose, contact a private bank. They can store it solely for the use of the donor and his family at a competitive cost.